Those who have read Laurel Kornfeld’s Pluto Blog know that she believes the International Astronomical Union (IAU) is essentially a totally Euro-centric elitist old boys network. And Alan Stern, arguably the hardest working man in space science as he is working on two space missions (Rosetta and New Horizons) in addition to running the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), wants to start up a rival organization, though I feel it will wind up being an astronomical version of a rump republic (a governing body with very little to no legitimate authority). I believe the IAU is a flawed organization, but I thought it could be fixed through reforms. Now I am not so sure.
Recently, the IAU announced a contest to name extrasolar planets. Sounds like an interesting idea, doesn’t it? However, the way the IAU is carrying this plan out indicates that the problems with the organization are very deeply rooted in its culture. For starters, only astronomical organizations that are registered with the World Directory of Astronomy (run by the IAU) will be allowed to participate. This does not mean that members of these groups can submit entries. Rather, the group as a whole submits their entry. On top of that, it appears that IAU will be using the convention used to name minor planets in our solar systems, which I feel is totally inappropriate for the job. This process only nominates the names. Then comes the voting. The details can be read in the official contest rules.
The whole thing reeks of dishonesty. The IAU will control the nomination process and it is very likely that the vote totals when the names are voted on will never be made public. Given the IAU’s penchant for voting irregularities, it is entirely possible that the winner will be decided regardless of the actual votes. Perhaps the IAU needs election monitors to audit the voting.
Then there is the idea that the minor planet naming system can be extended to extrasolar planets. A better naming system already exists. When the Vikings landed in Iceland, they used a system called “landnam” or land-naming to assign names to geographical features. The names derived from Viking mythology. I am not proposing that Viking mythology be used to name extrasolar planets. What I am suggesting is that extrasolar planet names be derived from what could be considered the mythology of space – science fiction. For example, if an Earth-like extrasolar planet is discovered in or near the habitable zone of the 40 Eridani system, it should be named Vulcan. The “Star Trek” franchise alone contains a good number of names suitable for extrasolar planets, such as Bajor, Cardassia, Bolia, Betazed, Romulus, and quite a few others. Then, there is the “Star Wars” franchise. In fact it even has a name suitable for a gas giant – Bespin. Add the other noteworthy science fiction franchises (“Babylon 5”, “Galactica”, “Doctor Who”, etc.), and there should be enough names to serve the purpose for quite some time, especially if the names are limited to Earth-sized or nearly Earth-sized planets (the taxpaying public who fund exoplanet surveys are not terribly interested in extrasolar gas giants, hot Jupiters, or hot Neptunes). However, in the increasingly unlikely event that a gas giant is detected in the Alpha Centauri system, it should be named “Charybdis”. If it was good enough for James Cameron, it should be good enough for astronomers to use.
This proposal would engage the attention of the public, who as I explained earlier, fund much of astronomical research through their taxes. And, as the old Scottish proverb goes, “He who pays the piper gets to call the tune”.
Now, some might argue that such an approach could run afoul of copyrights, trademarks, etc. First of all, any holder of such rights would be very stupid to complain about this. What they would be getting out of the use of those names for this purpose is free advertising. Best of all, this free advertising would last essentially forever. Every time someone would write a scientific paper about a given named exoplanet, they would use the name. This is the kind of publicity that cannot be purchased and most businesses would love to have their products, or parts of their products, immortalized on the biggest billboards imaginable.
Of course, another solution would be to have an international body, such as the United Nations, grant whatever organization that would be in charge of astronomical matters (a reformed IAU or whatever replaces the IAU) exemption from those laws. I believe that the Internet Archive has an exemption of that sort already.
Getting back to the point that got this started, do you feel that the IAU can be fixed via reforms or should the whole edifice be torn down and replaced with a newer, more responsive organization?